A study of the geographic distribution of swamp forest in the coastal zone of the Araucanía Region, Chile

Peña Cortés, Fernando
Pincheira Ulbrich, Jimmy
Bertrán, Carlos
Tapia, Jaime
Hauenstein Barra, Enrique
Fernandez, Eduardo
Datos de publicación:
Applied Geography, Vol. 31, N°2, 545-555, 2011
Biogeografía - Zona costera - Conservación - Myrtaceae
A study was made of the geographic distribution of swamp forest in the coastal territory of the Araucanía Region, Chile. An analysis of maps, aerial photographs, and satellite images was carried out, together with field work, to determine the location, degree of fragmentation, shape of fragments and habitat use of the forest. The results showed a total area of 7675 ha of forest (in a region of 165,168 ha) divided into 427 fragments of highly irregular shapes, set in a farming matrix. This forest type was located principally on alluvial (37%) and fluvial-marine (33%) plains associated with the Toltén and Queule river basins. Land unsuitable for agriculture accounted for 50% of the area of forest (CIREN Classes VII and VIII), while land with a superficial phreatic water table (0-20 cm depth) and poorly drained soils concentrated 47% and 66% of the forest respectively. The majority of the forested area stands on soils with poor drainage (available habitat), as a response to the greater biophysical restrictions which such areas represent for agriculture. Of the forested area, 59% was located on 859 properties belonging to small-holders with up to 200 ha, while 39% was located on 58 medium to large properties (over 200 ha and over 1000 ha respectively). Forty percent of the forest is within 300 m of a road and only 8% is more than 1000 m away. It is concluded that the forest is under severe pressure from human activity (by clearing for agricultural land, grazing and firewood extraction) and that there is an urgent need for a plan giving priority to conservation. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.