THE LAND IN THE ROMANIAN INTER-WAR PUZZLE: REASONS, PROCEDURES AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE ROMANIAN AGRARIAN REFORM OF 1918/1921

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Diaz Diego, Jose
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ACTA HISTRIAE,Vol.22,715-740,2014
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Abstract
After the 1917 Russian Revolution and during the First World War, the Romanian rulers decided to advertise and undertake then a liberal land reform to boost the countryside modernization and the agriculture tecnification, in order to try to stop the possible revolutionary attemps, to appease the peasant revolts, to minimize the war desertions and to active the national economy starting to alleviate food shortages in markets. In soeio-agrarian terms, the land reform got to correct agrarian structure imbalances like the huge representation of the Romanian large farms but other main problems of the rural contexts were not resolved, quite the contrary, like the small size of the plots and the hight debts of the peasant families with the State related with the payment of the new lands.
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