Small hive beetle (aethina tumida murray), a potential threat to beekeeping in Chile

Authors
Araneda Durán, Ximena
Aldea Sanchez, Patricia
Freire Ferreira, Ximena
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Date
Datos de publicación:
Chilean journal of agricultural & animal sciences, Vol. 37, N° 1, 3-10, 2021
Keywords
Pequeño escarabajo de las colmenas - Plaga - Control - Parasito - Abejas melíferas
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Abstract
In recent years, beekeeping has been affected by many factors, including pesticides, monoculture and deforestation as well as pests and diseases, which are causing the death of Apis mellifera and other pollinating species. One of the most recent threats is a parasitic beetle of bee colonies, native to sub-Saharan Africa, called small hive beetle (Aethina tumida Murray). It was first detected in the USA in 1996, and it has continued to expand across the American continent. In 2015, it was first discovered in Brazil, being the nearest country to Chile where it has been reported to date. The aim of this work was to carry out a literature review on small hive beetle (SHB) as it can be a potential threat to honey bee colonies in Chile. Adults of Aethina tumida feed on bee eggs while the larvae consume brood, pollen and honey, causing great damage to bee colonies. In addition, they defecate in honey, where a yeast present in their faeces, Kodamaea ohmerique, causes pollen and honey to ferment. Due to the damage it causes and its rapid advance through different continents, its biology and behaviour are being increasingly studied to explore control techniques and risk factors.
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