Mapuche oral memory through ulkantun traditional chants: Remembering the times of the occupation (19th and 20th centuries)

Resumen:
This paper shows the findings of a research aimed at analyzing the Mapuche memory in times of occupation and territorial reduction (late 19th century to early 20th centuries), taking as a reference some oral traditions, mainly the ul or ulkantun chants, which are used to convey the memories of those days. From a methodological point of view, a documentary review of primary sources (phonograms, manuscript files, and books) was carried out as well as an ethnographic field work with Andean communities. The compiled contents express the feelings and the suffering of people who were deported to Buenos Aires, La Plata, Martin Garcia island; the territorial spoils, the deaths and the re-settlement on distant lands. Thus -from a Mapuche perspective and through the ul-, we can understand the way by which the Chilean and Argentinean States started their genocidal and pillaging processes during the historical periods known as 'Occupation of the Araucania' and 'Desert Campaign'.

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