THE WATER FLEA DAPHNIA PULEX (CLADOCERA, DAPHNIIDAE), A POSSIBLE MODEL ORGANISM TO EVALUATE ASPECTS OF FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS
- Norambuena, Juan-Alejandro - Farias, Jorge - De Los Ríos Escalante, Patricio
- Datos de publicación:
- Migración Web of Science 
- Daphnia pulex is a freshwater planktonic crustacean, allegedly a cosmopolitan species, which is found in lentic ecosystems. The aim of this study was to conduct a literature review of D. pulex related to its life history and genetic variability, in order to mark a route for future studies. We noted that D. pulex is a model species on which ecological studies have been carried out, as well as molecular studies, in which its molecular diversity has been characterized and such in specimens from different environments: both pristine and under human influence. In particular those studies are highlighted, in which molecular tools have been used to construct phylogenetic trees for study intraspecific differences. Also, in some of these molecular studies, analyses of genetic, inter- and intraspecific diversity have been performed. In addition, analyses of protein expression in D. pulex and related species seem promising in evaluating the detailed role of this species.