Effect of ration level on growth performance, body composition, intermediary metabolism and serum parameters in juvenile Patagonian blennie Eleginops maclovinus

Oyarzun, R. - Martinez, D. - Soto Davila, M. - Munoz, J. L. P. - Dantagnan Dantagnan, Patricio - Vargas Chacoff, L.
Datos de publicación:
Eleginops maclovinus - Ration - Growth performance - Aquaculture - Intermediary metabolism
Eleginops maclovinus is an endemic species of the southern cone with beneficial physiological characteristics for aquaculture. However, this species has a low growth rate under captive conditions, and the optimal feed ration together with the metabolic process is unknown. This study aimed to determine the optimum feed ration during 90 days based on growth performance, body composition, intermediary metabolism, and serum parameters. For this, fish were randomly assigned to rations of 0.5, 1, 2 and 4% of body weight. No fish mortality was registered, but all fish, developed fatty liver. The results of weight, length, growth performance (WGR, SGR), and body parameters (HSI, VSI and K) followed a similar pattern, with the lowest values observed in the 0.5% and no significant differences between rations of 1, 2 and 4%. The feed intake and feces increased with the feed ration. However, the percentage of food consumed by the fish decreased with the ration size and the feed conversion ratio was lowest in the 1% ration. Total serum proteins and calcium were lowest in the 0.5% ration and presented no differences in the rations 1, 2 and 4%, while triglyceride content was significantly different only between the rations of 0.5 and 4%. Blood cortisol levels were significantly higher in the rations of 0.5 and 1%, and decreased in rations of 2 and 4%. The lipids, fiber, and energy of the total body mass increased with the feed ration, while dry matter, proteins, and ash of the body decreased to higher feed ration. In liver, triglyceride and protein levels decreased with a larger feed ration, amino acids increased in the rations of 0.5 and 4%, while glucose levels increased in rations of 2 and 4%. Liver enzymes Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and Glutamate dehydrogenase increased their activity at a higher feed ration, while Glycogen Phosphorylase, Aspartate aminotransferase and 3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase presented their highest enzymatic activity only in the 4% ration. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate showed low enzymatic activity in rations of 2 and 4% and Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase was significantly different only between the ration of 0.5 and 1%. Finally, our results suggests that optimal feed rations for E. maclovinus corresponds to 1% since this ration size produces the highest growth and metabolism with a minimum loss of food and feces present in the environment. Additionally, we recommend to reduce the percentage of fat in the diet to avoid the development of fatty liver.

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