POLITICAL ECOLOGY OF DISASTERS: VULNERABILITY, SOCIO-TERRITORIAL EXCLUSION AND VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS IN CHILEAN PATAGONIA

Resumen:
The studies of disasters from social sciences have been emerging in Chile because of the phenomena that have affected the country in recent years, such as volcano eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis, large storms, drought and fires, which are related with social, political, economic, cultural and environmental elements. This article analyzes from political ecology how vulnerability, and social and territorial exclusion, contributes to the generation of socio-natural disasters, especially in Chilean Patagonia. The cases that presents are the eruption of Hudson volcano (located in the Aysen Region) and Chaiten volcano (located in Los Lagos Region), both events characterized because of the lack of information about the territories that were affected, which is interpreted as a consequence of the late territorialization of the Chilean State. This fact has had negative political and ecological consequences in the action of public institutions to face this kind of events, raising the levels of vulnerability, while strength community resilience.

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