Assessment of cardiometabolic risk determined by anthropometric variables in school children with ethnic diversity

The progressive increase of obesity in the Chilean school population is worrisome, Mapuche children are at high risk of being obese, due to rapid transculturation and poor access to public health information. The purpose of the study was to compare anthropometric variables and their relationship with cardiometabolic risk in Mapuche and non-Mapuches children, belonging to rural schools of the IX Region of Chile. A total of 239 schoolchildren (118 girls and 121 boys) between 6 and 12 years of age were evaluated, belonging to 3 rural schools in the Cholchol, Imperial and Galvarino communes of the Araucania region of Chile, belonging to 177 Mapuche students. the investigation on a voluntary basis. Data were collected regarding ethnic descent (Mapuche, non-Mapuche), age, weight, height, waist circumference (WC), waist height ratio (SBC) and body mass index (BMI). In the comparison by sex and ethnic group, there were no significant differences (p> 0.05). The anthropometric variables of weight, CC, ROSC, BMI were higher in subjects with obesity and presented significance (p <0.001). The BMI showed high correlation with CC and presented significance (p <0.001). The result of the correlation of variables in Mapuche population of BMI with CC was higher (0.909, p <0.001), compared to non-Mapuches. This study reported a high prevalence of malnutrition due to excess of 43.9% of the total group studied and a high relationship between BMI, CC and RCE, being higher in children with Mapuche ethnicity.

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