THE 'ARAUCO STATE' AGAINST THE SPANISH CONQUEST RITUAL AND SOCIO-POLITICAL STRUCTURE OF THE ARAUCANO-MAPUCHES IN THE NAHUELBUTA VALLEYS DURING THE 16TH AND 17TH CENTURIES

Resumen:
This article discusses the archaeological and ethnohistorical evidence for the socio political organization of the indigenous populations of the interconnected valleys of the Nahuelbuta mountain range in south central Chile The argument is that the socio political structure the demographic density and the cultural and economic characteristics of these populations were much more advanced and complex than previously discussed in the archaeological historical and anthropological literature The form of the socio political organization and the settlement pattern of the Araucanian Mapuche populations in the study area from the 16th to 17th centuries are hypothesized in terms of complex models of the Andean world

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