Nutritional status, levels of physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in college students of Santo Tomas University

Introduction: Non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCD) increase the presence of risk factors (RE) of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in young people. Objective: To analyze the relation among the nutritional status (NS), physical activity (PA) and the prevalence of cardiovascular RF in students from Santo Tomas University in Temuco enrolled in year 2010. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out; 177 out of 348 students of both genders were chosen as the sample, 32.2% males and 68.8 % females. The age ranged between 18 and 25 years old. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements, blood samples, PA surveys and obesity backgrounds were taken. The study outcomes helped to estimate the NS, the practice of PA, the prevalence of the different RF. Outcomes: The study showed that the 34.5% of the students present malnutrition by excess, 70.6% are sedentary, and a 9.6% is at risk of CVD by presence of metabolic syndrome (MS). The risk by abdominal obesity reached 53.1%. Parameters which showed significant differences were HDL cholesterol lowered in active students (p = 0.027). When the PA together with BM! variables, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, glycaemia and blood pressure were analyzed, no significant differences were observed. Conclusions: A high prevalence of malnutrition by excess, for being sedentary and RF of CVD was present with a predominance in female students.

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