Perceptions of Teachers from a School Integration Program towards Inclusive Education

Resumen:
The objective of this article is to reveal the perceptions about inclusive education of practices of different professionals from the school Integration Program (PIE) and teachers, considering the pedagogical-didactic dimensions, cooperative learning, ethics and social action in an educational center of Los Rios region, Chile. This work is presented in a case study, using a mixed methodology of descriptive character. 36 people, 15 multidisciplinary professionals from PIE and 21 teachers from different subjects of primary and secondary education, participate in this investigation. A Likert scale questionnaire and a semi-structured interview were applied for collecting information on perceptions of inclusive education. The quantitative results show a slight tendency towards theoretical approaches associated with inclusive education. However, the findings that emerge from the teachers' speech are associated with segregationist and exclusionary practices that inhibit cooperative work in the classroom, showing low expectations and an unfavorable attitude towards inclusion causing distrust among the actors of the school community. In conclusion, it is important to note the need for an inclusive curriculum that promotes pedagogical-didactic and cooperative learning as an essential component for inclusive education within the framework of an ethical and social behavior responsible for the complete development of the student.

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