'Not recognizing any superior in the profane' - sovereignty discourses in the Spanish kingdoms under the Habsburgs
- This study compares sovereignty discourses in Castile, Catalonia and Portugal during the reigns of the Habsburg dynasty. We will clarify in which way sovereignty has to be understood and that it lies in the prince, which is why these discourses focus mainly on this royal person. The aim of the discourses is to show that the prince of a territory does not recognize any other superior temporal power. First, we analyse the Castilian discourses, which, on the one hand, reject any subordination under the Holy Empire and, on the other hand, they do pretend that the Castilian king historically is the sovereign of all the Spanish kingdoms. The discourses in Catalonia and Portugal, by contrast, although they contain some rejections to the empire, focus mainly on emphasizing their sovereignty against Castile, which means that they reject this second discourse elaborated by the Castilian authors.