Daily vertical distribution of zooplankton in two oligo-mesotrophic north Patagonian lakes (39 degrees S, Chile)

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Autor:
P De Los Rios Escalante - Valdivia, P. - Woelfl, S.
URI:
http://repositoriodigital.uct.cl/handle/10925/3609
Datos de publicación:
BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF BIOLOGY,Vol.81,642-649,2021
Temas:
zooplankton - daily vertical migration - Patagonian lakes - cladocera - copepod
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Resumen:
The zooplankton communities often exhibit daily vertical migrations to avoid natural ultraviolet radiation and/or fish predation. However there is no information on this topic in Chilean North Patagonian lakes up to date. Therefore, this study deals with a first characterization of plankton crustacean daily vertical migration in two temperate, oligotrophic lakes (Villarrica and Panguipulli lakes, 39 degrees S) in Southern Chile. Zooplankton were collected at different depths intervals (0-10in, 10-20 m, 20-30m, 30-40m) at early morning, middle day, evening and night in the studied site. The results revealed that zooplankton species (Daphnia pulex. Ceriodaphnia dubia, Neobosmina chilensis, Alesocyclops araucanus, and Thopocyclops prasinus) are abundant in surface zones at night, early morning and evening, whereas at middle day the zooplankton abundances are high at deep zones. The results agree with observations for Argentinean and North American lakes where these daily migration patterns in crustacean zooplankton species were reported due mainly natural ultraviolet radiation exposure, whereas for northern hemisphere lakes the vertical migration is due to combined effect of natural ultraviolet radiation and fish predation exposure.

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